Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)

Description: 3 - 4 inches. Great Plains Toads vary in color from brown, green, or gray, with large dark blotches on the back. The belly is plain white, but may occasionally have some spots. There are two large glands on the back of the head (parotoid glands) that touch the ends of the end of the small ridge behind each eye (cranial crests). The cranial crests meet in front of the eyes to form a point.

Similar Species: American Toads have dark spots or speckles on the belly. Fowler's Toads and Woodhouse's Toads have fewer and smaller dark blotches on the back.

Age in years of Most Recent Record
75+ 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5

This map is generated from data provided by the Drake University Biodiversity Center, observations from, the Iowa DNR Natural Areas Inventory, as well as other sources. Please help us keep it up to date by reporting your sightings to HerpMapper.